Camera angles and movements!

In the wait a minute series, we bring to the table small things that will keep you informed and enrich your knowledge when it comes to the art of filmmaking. We believe that every minute spent well is powerful!

This week’s blog aims to enlighten you about various camera angles and movements. Every shot taken, instead how every shot is taken, describes its essence and every angle and movement in which it is framed plays a vital role in giving the expression the shot demands. As a filmmaker it is extremely important to lay emphasis on all these minute details. Remember, every second spent on planning your shot shapes the entire look of your film.
Here is a list of a few of them:

Angles-

1. Close shot:
A close shot is used to lay emphasis and highlight the details on which you want your audience to focus. It removes any other distracting elements from the frame and compels the audience to notice and understand the details and depths.

2. Long shot:
A long shot is in some ways the opposite of a close-up. It focuses on the entire location where the shot is being taken. This gives the viewer a better sense of the subject’s surroundings, and conveys information that would be lost in a close-up.

3. Mid shot:
A mid shot falls in between the above 2 mentioned. You might use this shot when a character is carrying an object or pointing a gun. Or, if they’re sitting at a desk, you can show them writing in a book, while avoiding wasting valuable screen space on their feet or their knees.

4. Macro shot:
A macro shot is so close that only one specific detail, such as a person’s eyes or mouth, can be seen. Because of the unnaturally close nature of the shot, it can be incredibly effective at adding drama to a scene. It allows the viewer to see details that may have otherwise gone unnoticed.

 

Movements-

1. Zoom:
It’s a most common camera move, as the name suggests, zooming gives the impression of moving closer or further away from the subject. It can be used effectively to magnify a certain focus point in the frame.

2. Pan:
Panning is when the camera is moved horizontally from one side to another on a central axis. This is a rotating movement in which the camera’s position remains in place, but the direction that it faces changes.

3. Tilt:
Tilting is similar to panning in that the camera is kept in a stationary position, but unlike panning (which looks from side to side) tilting focuses on upwards & downwards movements. Using a tilting motion helps to fit more into a single frame.

4. Dolly:
A dolly shot is when the entire camera is mounted on a track and is moved towards or away from a subject. Unlike a zoom shot, the world around the subject moves with the camera. A dolly gives the illusion that the viewer is walking towards the subject and can be a great way of creating a sense of intimacy between them.

That’s all about theory, watch the video below to see the above in action.

That’s a minute spent well!
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